Back to Health A to Z. An anal fissure is a tear or open sore ulcer that develops in the lining of the large intestine, near the anus. Do not let embarrassment stop you seeking help. Anal fissures are a common problem GPs are used to dealing with. Most anal fissures get better without treatment, but a GP will want to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms, such as piles haemorrhoids. They can also tell you about self-help measures and treatments that can relieve your symptoms and reduce the risk of fissures coming back.
Anal Fissures: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention
Proctalgia is pain due to a spasm of the pelvic floor muscles, the muscles of the anal sphincter, or the muscles of the rectum. This causes severe stabbing pain like a knife sticking into the rectum. This type of pain may originate without warning. It may vary in severity and duration. It may pass quickly or might last much longer. Often the pain will be severe enough to awaken a person at night out of a sound sleep. If the person gets up and walks around, moves his bowels, or passes gas, the pain could resolve in a matter of minutes.
Back to Health A to Z. Anal pain pain in the bottom can be distressing, but it's often just the result of a minor, treatable problem. An anal fissure is a small tear in the skin of the anus that can be caused by passing a large or hard poo. Eating more fibre , drinking plenty of fluids and taking laxatives and over-the-counter painkillers can help.
The anus is the opening at the end of your anal canal. The rectum sits between your colon and anus and acts as a holding chamber for stool. When pressure in your rectum becomes too great, the internal ring of muscle called the anal sphincter relaxes to allow stool to pass through your anal canal, the anus, and out of your body. The anus consists of glands, ducts, blood vessels, mucus, tissues, and nerve endings that can be highly sensitive to pain, irritation, and other sensations.